Phenol Croton Oil Peels

      Phenol-croton oil peeling should not be considered an all or none phenomenon. Similar to trichloracetic acid (TCA), phenol peeling can produce a superficial, intermediate or deep peel depending on the patient need.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic and Personal

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Advances in Cosmetic Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

      1. The Aesthetic Society’s Cosmetic surgery national data bank: statistics 2019.
        Aesthet Surg J. 2020; 40: 1-26
        • Hashim P.W.
        • Levy Z.
        • Cohen J.L.
        • et al.
        Microneedling therapy with and without platelet-rich plasma.
        Cutis. 2017; 99: 239-242
        • Aust M.C.
        • Fernandes D.
        • Kolokythas P.
        • et al.
        Percutaneous collagen induction therapy: an alternative treatment for scars, wrinkles, and skin laxity.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008; 121: 1421-1429
        • Lee H.J.
        • Lee E.G.
        • Kang S.
        • et al.
        Efficacy of microneedling plus human stem cell conditioned medium for skin rejuvenation: a randomized, controlled, blinded split-face study.
        Ann Dermatol. 2014; 26: 584-591
        • Kim D.H.
        • Je Y.J.
        • Kim C.D.
        • et al.
        Can platelet-rich plasma be used for skin rejuvenation? Evaluation of effects of platelet-rich plasma on human dermal fibroblast.
        Ann Dermatol. 2011; 23: 424-431
        • Leo M.S.
        • Kumar A.S.
        • Kirit R.
        • et al.
        Systematic review of the use of platelet-rich plasma in aesthetic dermatology.
        J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015; 14: 315-323
        • Fischer T.C.
        • Perosino E.
        Chemical peels in aesthetic dermatology: an update 2009.
        J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010; 24: 281-292
        • Hetter G.P.
        An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: part I. Dissecting the formula.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000; 105 ([discussion: 249–51]): 227-239
        • Larson D.L.
        • Karmo F.
        • Hetter G.P.
        Phenol-croton oil peel: establishing an animal model for scientific investigation.
        Aesthet Surg J. 2009; 29: 47-53
      2. Brown, AM. Inventor; Mount Sinai Hospital Corporation; Foundation for Prosthetic Research. Skin treating method and compositions. US Patent; 1959;3:067-106. Issued April 7.

        • Baker T.J.
        The ablation of rhitides by chemical means. A preliminary report.
        J Fla Med Assoc. 1961; 48: 451-454
        • Litton C.
        Chemical face lifting.
        Plast Reconstr Surg Transplant Bull. 1962; 29: 371-380
        • Baker T.J.
        Chemical face peeling and rhytidectomy. A combined approach for facial rejuvenation.
        Plast Reconstr Surg Transplant Bull. 1962; 29: 199-207
        • Kligman A.M.
        • Baker T.J.
        • Gordon H.L.
        Long-term histologic follow-up of phenol face peels.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1985; 75: 652-659
        • Larson D.L.
        Phenol-croton oil peel: an update.
        Aesthet Surg J. 2005; 25: 197-200
        • Bensimon R.H.
        Croton oil peels.
        Aesthet Surg J. 2008; 28: 33-45
        • Hetter G.P.
        An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: part II. The lay peelers and their croton oil formulas.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000; 105: 240-248
        • Hetter G.P.
        An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: part III. The plastic surgeons’ role.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000; 105: 752-763
        • Hetter G.P.
        An examination of the phenol-croton oil peel: part IV. Face peel results with different concentrations of phenol and croton oil.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000; 105: 1061-1083
        • Wambier C.G.
        • Brody H.J.
        • Hetter G.P.
        Comments: hemiface comparative study of two phenol peels (Baker-Gordon and Hetter formulas) for the correction of facial rhytids.
        Surg Cosmet Dermatol. 2017; 9: 190-191
        • Fitzpatrick R.E.
        • Tope W.D.
        • Goldman M.P.
        • et al.
        Pulsed carbon dioxide laser, trichloroacetic acid, Baker-Gordon phenol, and dermabrasion: a comparative clinical and histologic study of cutaneous resurfacing in a porcine model.
        Arch Dermatol. 1996; 132: 469-471
        • Moy L.S.
        • Kotler R.
        • Lesser T.
        The histologic evaluation of pulsed carbon dioxide laser resurfacing versus phenol chemical peels in vivo.
        Dermatol Surg. 1999; 25: 597-600
        • Langsdon P.R.
        • Milburn M.
        • Yarber R.
        Comparison of the laser and phenol chemical peel in facial skin resurfacing.
        Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2000; 126: 1195-1199
        • Kurban R.S.
        • Bhawan J.
        Histologic changes in skin associated with aging.
        J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1990; 16: 908-914
        • Baker T.J.
        • Gordon H.L.
        • Mosienko P.
        • et al.
        Long-term histological study of skin after chemical face peeling.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1974; 53: 522-525
        • Kane M.
        The functional anatomy of the lower face as it applies to rejuvenation via chemodenervation.
        Facial Plast Surg. 2005; 21: 55-64
        • Caisey L.
        • Gubanova E.
        • Camus C.
        • et al.
        Influence of age and hormone replacement therapy on the functional properties of the lips.
        Skin Res Technol. 2008; 14: 220-225
        • Laporta R.
        • Mercer N.
        Quid causit perioral wrinkles?.
        J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013; 66: 579-581
        • Okada H.C.
        • Alleyne B.
        • Varghai K.
        • et al.
        Facial changes caused by smoking: a comparison between smoking and nonsmoking identical twins.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013; 132: 1085-1092
        • Hughes M.B.
        • Williams G.M.
        • Baker P.
        • et al.
        Sunscreen and prevention of skin aging: a randomized trial.
        Ann Intern Med. 2013; 158: 781-790
        • Kligman A.M.
        • Grove G.L.
        • Hirose R.
        • et al.
        Topical tretinoin for photoaged skin.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 1986; 15: 836-859
        • Stuzin J.M.
        • Baker T.J.
        • Gordon H.L.
        Chemical peel: a change in the routine.
        Ann Plast Surg. 1989; 23: 166-169
        • Stone P.A.
        • Lefer L.G.
        Modified phenol chemical face peels: recognizing the role of application technique.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2001; 9: 351-376
        • Fitzpatrick T.B.
        The validity and practicality of sun-reactive skin types I through VI.
        Arch Dermatol. 1988; 124: 869-871
        • Glogau R.G.
        Aesthetic and anatomic analysis of the aging skin.
        Semin Cutan Med Surg. 1996; 15: 134-138
        • Paes E.C.
        • Teepen H.J.
        • Koop W.A.
        • et al.
        Perioral wrinkles: histologic differences between men and women.
        Aesthet Surg J. 2009; 29: 467-472
        • Chien A.I.
        • Cheng N.
        Perioral wrinkles are associated with female gender, aging, and smoking: development of a gender-specfic photonumeric scale.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2015; 74: 5
        • Grimes P.E.
        The safety and efficacy of salicylic acid chemical peels in darker racial-ethnic groups.
        Dermatol Surg. 1999; 25: 18-22
        • D’Souza G.
        • Zins J.E.
        Indications and technique for phenol-croton oil peels.
        Plast Surg Key. 2019; (Accessed October 18, 2020)
        • Landau M.
        Cardiac complications in deep chemical peels.
        Dermatol Surg. 2007; 33: 190-193
        • Neitzke I.
        • Curi D.
        • Wambier C.
        Randomized controlled trial on the use of Septisol and Johnson’s baby shampoo in a phenol-croton oil peel formula.
        PlastaForum Brasil. 2018; (Available at:) (Accessed October 18, 2020)
        • Shelley T.
        Hand protection and glove selection. Including glove selection for some specific chemicals.
        Cornell Environmental Health and Safety, Ithaca (NY)1999 (Available at:) (Accessed October 18, 2020)
        • Orra S.
        • Waltzman J.T.
        • Mlynek K.
        • et al.
        Periorbital phenol-croton oil chemical peel in conjunction with blepharoplasty: an evolving technique for periorbital facial rejuvenation.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015; 136: 99-100
        • Beeson W.H.
        • McCollough E.G.
        Chemical face peeling without taping.
        J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1985; 11: 985-990
        • Ozturk C.N.
        • Huettner F.
        • Ozturk C.
        • et al.
        Outcomes assessment of combination of face and perioral phenol-croton oil peel.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013; 132: 743e
        • Wambier C.G.
        • Wambier S.P.D.F.
        • Pilatti L.E.P.
        • et al.
        Prolongation of rate-corrected QT interval during phenol-croton oil peels.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2018; 78: 810-812
        • Botta S.A.
        • Straith R.E.
        • Goodwin H.H.
        Cardiac arrhythmias in phenol face peeling: a suggested protocol for prevention.
        Aesthetic Plast Surg. 1988; 12: 115-117