Advertisement

Botulinum Toxin Brow Elevation and Shaping

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Advances in Cosmetic Surgery
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Kontis T.C.
        • Rivikin A.
        The History of Injectable Facial Fillers.
        Facial Plast Surg. 2009; 25: 67-72
        • Tromovitch T.A.
        • Stegman S.J.
        • Glogau R.G.
        Zyderm collagen: implantation technics.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 1984; 10: 273-278
        • Webster R.C.
        • Kattner M.D.
        • Smith R.C.
        Injectable collagen for augmentation of facial areas.
        Arch Otolaryngol. 1984; 110: 652-656
        • Clark R.P.
        • Berris C.E.
        Botulinum toxin: a treatment for facial asymmetry caused by facial nerve paralysis.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005; 115: 573-574
        • Clark R.P.
        • Berris C.E.
        Botulinum toxin: a treatment for facial asymmetry caused by facial nerve paralysis.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1989; 84: 353-355
        • Carruthers J.D.
        • Carruthers J.A.
        Treatment of glabellar frown lines with C. botulinum-A exotoxin.
        J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 1992; 18: 17-21
        • Ekman P.
        Darwin's contributions to our understanding of emotional expressions.
        Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2009; 364: 3449-3451
        • Gladwell M.B.
        The power of thinking without thinking.
        Back Bay Books/Little, Brown and Company, 2005
        • Tomkins S.S.
        Affect, imagery, consciousness. vol. 1. Springer, 1962 (The Postive Affects)
        • Donato G.
        • Bartlett M.S.
        • Hager J.C.
        • et al.
        Classifying Facial Actions.
        IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell. 1999; 21: 974
        • Borba A.
        • Matayoshi S.
        • Rodrigues M.
        Avoiding Complications on the Upper Face Treatment With Botulinum Toxin: A Practical Guide.
        Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2021; : 1-10https://doi.org/10.1007/s00266-021-02483-1
        • Cho E.S.
        • Hwang J.Y.
        • Kim S.T.
        A proposal to prevent the "Mephisto sign" side effect of botulinum toxin type A injection in chronic migraine.
        Yonsei Med J. 2013; 54: 1542-1544
        • Shears R.
        Botox is turning Nicole Kidman into a “bat face,” says cosmetic guru. Daily Mail. March 13.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 25, 2021)
        • Montal M.
        Botulinum neurotoxin: a marvel of protein design.
        Annu Rev Biochem. 2010; 79: 591-617
        • Kranz G.
        • Haubenberger D.
        • Voller B.
        • et al.
        Respective potencies of Botox and Dysport in a human skin model: a randomized, double-blind study.
        Mov Disord. 2009; 24: 231-236
        • Giordano C.N.
        • Matarasso S.L.
        • Ozog D.M.
        Injectable and topical neurotoxins in dermatology: Basic science, anatomy, and therapeutic agents.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017; 76: 1013-1024
        • Frankel A.S.
        • Kamer F.M.
        Chemical browlift.
        Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1998; 124: 321-323
        • Huilgol S.C.
        • Carruthers A.
        • Carruthers J.D.
        Raising eyebrows with botulinum toxin.
        Dermatol Surg. 1999; 25 ([discussion: 376]): 373-375
        • Ahn M.S.
        • Catten M.
        • Maas C.S.
        Temporal brow lift using botulinum toxin A.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2000; 105 ([discussion: 1136–9]): 1129-1135
        • Huang W.
        • Rogachefsky A.S.
        • Foster J.A.
        Browlift with botulinum toxin.
        Dermatol Surg. 2000; 26: 55-60
        • Chen A.H.
        • Frankel A.S.
        Altering brow contour with botulinum toxin.
        Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2003; 11: 457-464
        • Blitzer A.
        • Brin M.F.
        • Keen M.S.
        • et al.
        Botulinum Toxin for the Treatment of Hyperfunctional Lines of the Face.
        Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1993; 119: 1018-1022
        • Foster J.A.
        • Barnhorst D.
        • Papay F.
        • et al.
        The use of botulinum A toxin to ameliorate facial kinetic frown lines.
        Ophthalmology. 1996; 103: 618-622
        • Keen M.
        • Blitzer A.
        • Aviv J.
        • et al.
        Botulinum toxin A for hyperkinetic facial lines: results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1994; 94: 94-99
        • Blitzer A.
        • Binder W.J.
        • Aviv J.E.
        • et al.
        The Management of Hyperfunctional Facial Lines With Botulinum Toxin: A Collaborative Study of 210 Injection Sites in 162 Patients.
        Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997; 123: 389-392
        • Carruthers A.
        History of the clinical use of botulinum toxin A and B.
        Clin Dermatol. 2003; 21: 469-472
        • Fagien S.
        Botox for the treatment of dynamic and hyperkinetic facial lines and furrows: adjunctive use in facial aesthetic surgery.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 1999; 103: 701-713
        • Van Meter J.
        About-face. New York Magazine. August 3, 2008.
        (Available at:) (Accessed December 3, 2008)
        • Cole J.
        Botox silences women’s faces-and freezes out empathy in body language. The Guardian.
        (Available at:) (Accessed March 8, 2014)
        • Richard G.
        When Botox Ate My Face.
        (Available at:) (Accessed September 26, 2021)
        • Chung K.
        • Orme N.
        • Sherber N.
        “Millennial Botulinum Toxin”: A Retrospective Age-Matched Cohort Study With OnabotulinumtoxinA.
        Dermatol Surg. 2021; 47: 882-884
        • Corduff N.
        Neuromodulating the SMAS for Natural Dynamic Results.
        Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2021; 9: e3755
        • Alam M.
        • Barrett K.C.
        • Hodapp R.M.
        • et al.
        Botulinum toxin and the facial feedback hypothesis: can looking better make you feel happier?.
        J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008; 58: 1061-1072
        • Knoll B.I.
        • Attkiss K.J.
        • Persing J.A.
        The influence of forehead, brow, and periorbital aesthetics on perceived expression in the youthful face.
        Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008; 121: 1793-1802
        • Steinsapir K.D.
        • Rootman D.
        • Wulc A.
        • et al.
        Cosmetic microdroplet botulinum toxin a forehead lift: a new treatment paradigm.
        Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015; 31: 263-268
      1. Steinsapir, KD, Inventor; Steinsapir, KD, assignee. Cosmetic use of botulinum toxin for the treatment of eyebrow and forehead ptosis, and unwanted eyebrow expression. US patent 7,846,457 B2. December 7, 2010.